Adderall is classified as a Schedule II controlled narcotic in the U.S. It is a powerful amphetamine that stimulates the central nervous system and is prescribed by the medical community to treat ADHD, narcolepsy and induce weight loss. Adderall increases focus and energy by activating neurotransmitters in the brain. By increasing dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain, Adderall creates feelings of euphoria and increases libido and muscle strength.
This drug is popular among college-aged individuals and many use it to increase their focus to improve scholastic performance. The recreational use of Adderall is also becoming increasing popular among women between the ages of twenty to thirty-nine. The non-medical and recreational use of Adderall increases the risk of addiction to the drug. Adderall can be taken orally, snorted or injected and it is known on the street as speed, Double Trouble, dexies, Black Beauties, pep pills, beans and uppers.
Most people who are addicted to amphetamines also have other co-occurring disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, anxiety, bi-polar disorder and other substance abuse problems. There are numerous factors involved in determining how someone becomes addicted to Adderall. Often there are underlying problems that the person is struggling with which include genetic factors, addiction among family members, and suffering from traumatic events like physical or sexual abuse and neglect in childhood. The problems that led to Adderall addiction will have to be treated along side the addiction problem. The addict must be holistically treated in body, mind, emotions and spirit to fully recover from addiction and be strong enough to cope with problems in the future.
Adderall Abuse and Addiction
Adderall addiction may lead to serious physical and psychological damage. There is a vast array of drug effects that an Adderall addict may experience and some of them include euphoria, increased energy and focus, improved memory and scholastic performance, increased physical strength, decreased appetite, malnutrition, arrhythmias, hypertension, angina, seizures, anxiety, depression, mood swings, aggression, impaired coordination, hallucinations, psychosis, and paranoia. When Adderall is taken with alcohol or other drugs, it increases the risk for heart attacks and death.
Adderall Withdrawal and Recovery
The “crash” of Adderall withdrawal may be experienced depending on the addict’s physiology. The severity of withdrawal symptoms is also dependent upon the tolerance and dependence levels. If the addict was using the drug for a long time and at a high dosage the withdrawal may be more severe.
Adderall withdrawal symptoms can include drug cravings, anxiety, extreme depression and fatigue, weakness, vivid dreams, mood swings, dizziness, crying spells, sleep disturbances, tremors, chills, irregular heartbeat, panic attacks, seizures, paranoia, suicidal thoughts and psychosis. Physical and psychological recovery from Adderall addiction may take from ninety days up to a year or longer.
Withdrawal from Adderall should be done at a rehabilitation facility where licensed and experienced medical professionals are able to assist the addict through the detoxification process. The personnel is experienced and trained to understand what the addict is experiencing and is able to help in a variety of ways. Medications are available to eliminate or greatly reduce withdrawal symptoms. In severe cases the patient may be given sedatives to help with relaxation. Withdrawal may be intense the first few weeks and can last for a few months. Ninety days is the norm for an Adderall detox and the patient should start feeling better after that.
Psychological counseling and behavioral therapy are also necessary for the patient to be educated about addiction and given the proper tools to aid in recovery. Exercise, nutrition, vitamin/mineral supplementation and spirituality are all vital aspects in building up a malnourished body, mind and spirit. In addition, family counseling and support groups provide the patient with a solid supportive base from which to move forward and enjoy a happy and productive life.
If you or a loved one needs help with abuse and/or treatment, please call the WhiteSands Treatment at (877) 855-3470. Our addiction specialists can assess your recovery needs and help you get the addiction treatment that provides the best chance for your long-term recovery.